SFTP stands for Secure File Transfer Protocol and it is used to transfer securely using SSH tunnel from client to server over internet. In this tutorial I will list all the commands that is required when working with sftp.
How to connect to SFTP?
Followings are some of the methods of authenticating to sftp server.
# Authenticate using username and password sftp user@serverIpOrDomain # Authentication using secure key sftp -i ~/.ssh/private.key user@serverIpOrDomain # Authentication using ssh key along with port sftp -i ~/.ssh/private.key -P 1022 user@serverIpOrDomain # Authenticate using ssh key and algorithm sftp -o KexAlgorithms=diffie-hellman-group14-sha1 -i ~/.ssh/private.key -P 1022 user@serverIpOrDomain # Authenticate and change to dir sftp user@serverIpOrDomain:/home/data
SFTP show current dir
To check current client and remote directories following commands are used:
# print the current directory on your system lpwd # print the current directory on the ftp server pwd
SFTP FIle listing
To perform different listing operation following sftp commands are used:
# show remote/ftp server directory listing ls # shows local/client directory listing lls # show files by date in sorted desc ls -hltr
SFTP upload/download files
To download/upload a file from client to server following are some of the commands:
# upload client/local file to server put filename # upload multiple files from local to remote mput *.csv # download file from remote to local/client get filename # download multiple files from remote to local/client mget *.csv # rename remote file rename old.csv new.csv
SFTP create or change or remote directories
To change directory on remote or local server following commands are used:
# change dir on server cd dir/ # change dir on local/client lcd dir/ # create directory on remote mkdir dir/ # create directory on local/client lmkdir dir/ # remove remote files or dir rm file.csv rmdir dir/ # remove local/client files lrm file.csv lrmdir dir/
Exit SFTP Shell
To logout from sftp server you need either of following commands:
# logout current session exit # or use following command !